PDF - Organisation of elections by an impartial body (Science and democracy No. 41) (2006)
After fifteen years of democratic transition in central and eastern Europe, the organisation of elections in conformity with the principles of the European electoral heritage is still a major challenge. In order to ensure the effectiveness of these principles (univeral, equal, free, secret and direct suffrage) a certain number of procedural guarantees must be respected.Firstly, elections must be organised by an impartial body in an independent and transparent manner; this is the main message in this publication. The body in charge of organising the elections should be able to ensure, without any political manipulation, that the electoral process is carried out efficiently, from the pre-election period right up to the close of any dispute regarding the results.The reports cover three aspects wich are indispensable to the impartiality of electoral commissions and equivalent bodies: independence with regard to the composition and functioning of the electoral administration; transparency and impartiality of the electoral administration on election day and after the election.