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Guantánamo: violation of human rights and international law?

Guantánamo: violation of human rights and international law? (2007)

ISBN 978-92-871-6294-6
Type of document : Book
Format : Paper
Size : A5
Language : English
Number of pages : 120

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Guantánamo: violation of human rights and international law?

Guantánamo: violation of human rights and international law?

What are the rights of the prisoners held by the United States at the base in Guantánamo Bay? Is their imprisonment lawful? Should we be thinking about strengthening the Geneva Conventions and changing international law?The Parliamentary Assembly, and hence the 47 member states of the Council of Europe, has spoken with one voice, condemning this flagrant violation of human rights and demanding the closure of the Guantánamo detention centre.This book contains all the Assembly's arguments, along with the study by the Venice Commission, which brings all its legal expertise to bear in considering whether the detention of people by the United States in Guantánamo Bay is lawful and if there is a need for a change in international law.

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What are the rights of the prisoners held by the United States at the base in Guantánamo Bay? Is their imprisonment lawful? Should we be thinking about strengthening the Geneva Conventions and changing international law?The Parliamentary Assembly, and hence the 47 member states of the Council of Europe, has spoken with one voice, condemning this flagrant violation of human rights and demanding the closure of the Guantánamo detention centre.This book contains all the Assembly's arguments, along with the study by the Venice Commission, which brings all its legal expertise to bear in considering whether the detention of people by the United States in Guantánamo Bay is lawful and if there is a need for a change in international law.

Part 1:
Detentions by the United States in Guantanamo Bay
Reports of the Parliamentary Assembly

I.       Rights of persons held in the custody of the United States in Afghanistan or Guantanamo Bay
Summary
Adopted text: Resolution 1340 (2003)
Explanatory memorandum
A.   Introduction
B.   Status and legal regime
C.  Military tribunal
D.   Conditions of transfer and detention
E.   Conclusion and recommendations

II.      Lawfulness of detentions by the United States in Guantanamo Bay
Summary
Adopted texts
A.   Resolution 1433 (2005)
B.   Recommendation 1699 (2005) of the Parliamentary Assembly to the Committee of Ministers and its reply
Explanatory memorandum
A.   Introduction
B.   Background
C   The applicable legal framework
D.  Respect by the USA of its obligations under international law
E.   Conclusions and recommendations
Appendix I - Questionnaire addressed to national delegations
Appendix II - Replies from the national delegations to the questionnaire

Part 2:
Possible need for further development of the Geneva Conventions
Opinion of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission)

I. Introduction  

II. Scope of the opinion

III. Different groups of persons potentially concerned

IV.     Applicability of international humanitarian law
A.   Character of the armed conflict
B.   Categories of persons concerned

V.      Applicability of human rights treaties

VI.     Rights and protection guaranteed by the law of the Geneva Conventions and human rights law
A.   The relationship between international humanitarian law and human rights law
B.   Rights and protection under international humanitarian law
C.   Rights and protection under international human rights law

VII.    Conclusion

Appendix

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