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CIA above the law? Secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees in Europe

CIA above the law? Secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees in Europe (2008)

ISBN 978-92-871-6419-3
Type of document : Book
Format : Paper
Size : A5
Language : English
Number of pages : 300

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CIA above the law? Secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees in Europe

CIA above the law? Secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees in Europe

Has Europe become "a happy hunting ground" for foreign security services? Is it acceptable, in the name of common security and the fight against terrorism, for citizens to be kidnapped, transferred and arbitrarily detained in secret prisons, and then tortured, on the mere suspicion or terrorism and in defiance of international law?Two investigations by the Parliamentary Assembly into the High Value Detainee (HVD) programme set up by the US Administration after the attacks of 11 September have revealed the global "spider's web" spun by the CIA. The so-called "extraordinary renditions" programme has resulted in numerous serious human rights violations. It has only been able to function through the co-operation of certain Council of Europe member states, despite the fact that they are bound by European human rights Conventions.Furthermore, the European Commission for Democracy through Law has included its expert legal opinion on general international legal principles and the responsibility that Council of Europe member states would incur if they, either deliberately or by negligence, failed to meet their obligations.This book, with its revealing eye-witness accounts, gives credence to the Council of Europe's position that if measures to combat terrorism are to be effective in the long term, they must respect human rights and the rule of law.

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Has Europe become "a happy hunting ground" for foreign security services? Is it acceptable, in the name of common security and the fight against terrorism, for citizens to be kidnapped, transferred and arbitrarily detained in secret prisons, and then tortured, on the mere suspicion or terrorism and in defiance of international law?Two investigations by the Parliamentary Assembly into the High Value Detainee (HVD) programme set up by the US Administration after the attacks of 11 September have revealed the global "spider's web" spun by the CIA. The so-called "extraordinary renditions" programme has resulted in numerous serious human rights violations. It has only been able to function through the co-operation of certain Council of Europe member states, despite the fact that they are bound by European human rights Conventions.Furthermore, the European Commission for Democracy through Law has included its expert legal opinion on general international legal principles and the responsibility that Council of Europe member states would incur if they, either deliberately or by negligence, failed to meet their obligations.This book, with its revealing eye-witness accounts, gives credence to the Council of Europe's position that if measures to combat terrorism are to be effective in the long term, they must respect human rights and the rule of law.

Other title in the series Point of view - Point of Law
Guantánamo - violation of human rights and international law? (2007)

ISBN 978-92-871-6294-6, A5, 120 pages, e 13 / US$ 20 + 10 % postage

Chronology of Council of Europe action

 

 

Part 1: Secret detentions and transfers of detainees in Europe
Reports of the Parliamentary Assembly

I. Alleged secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states (first report Marty)
Summary
Adopted texts
Explanatory memorandum
I. Are human rights little more than a fair-weather option
II. The global "spider's web
III. Specific examples of documented renditions
IV. Secret places of detention
V. Secret detentions in the Chechen Republic
VI. Attitude of governments
VII. Individual cases: judicial proceedings in progress
VIII. Parliamentary investigations
IX. Commitment to combating terrorism
X. Legal perspectives
XI. Conclusion
Appendices

 

 

II. Secret detentions and illegal transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states (second report Marty)
Summary
Adopted texts
Explanatory memorandum
Introductory remarks - an overview
I. The "Dynamics of truth
II. Secret detentions in Council of Europe member states
III. Secret detention operations in Poland
IV. Secret detention operations in Romania
V. Human rights abuses involved in the CIA secret detention programme
VI. Secrecy and cover-up: how the United States and its European partners evade responsibility for CIA clandestine operations
VII. Secret detentions and renditions: the diminishing effect on respect for human rights worldwide
VIII. Need for consensus solutions to the HVD dilemma whilst ensuring respect for human rights
Appendices
Addendum to the report
1. Dissenting opinion by the delegation of Poland to the Parliamentary Assembly
2. Dissenting opinin by the delegation of Romania to the Parliamentary Assembly

Part 2:
Legal obligations of Council of Europe member states in respect of secret detention facilities and inter-state transport of prisoners.
Opinion of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission)

 

 

Introduction
Section I: The legal regime
A. General principles
B. Human rights law
C. International humanitarian law
D. General principles of civil aviation
E. Military bases
F. Article V of the NATO Treaty
Section II: The international legal obligations of Council of Europe member statesA. Council of Europe member states' obligations in
respect of arrests by foreign authorities on their territory
B. Council of Europe member states' obligations in respect of alleged secret detention facilitiesC. Council of Europe member states'
obligations in respect of inter-state transfers of prisoners
Conclusions

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