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Catalogue

PDF - Pandemics and natural disasters as reflected in history teaching (2023)

Enseignement de l'histoire
978-92-871-9335-3
Type de document :
Livre
Format :
PDF
Langue :
Anglais
Dimensions :
3.16 MB
Nombre de pages :
98
The Observatory on History Teaching in Europe
16,00 € / 32.00 $US
Covid-19, disastrous series of earthquakes in Türkiye and Syria... How well prepared are young people to understand such catastrophic events and their impact upon societies?

Since the beginning of recorded human history, pandemics and natural disasters have highly impacted the historical narratives of mankind. Each time, they remind humans how fragile they are and how limited their knowledge is. Despite their impact, these events are given little attention in history education.

The first thematic report of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe (OHTE) analyses how pandemics and natural disasters are taught across different levels of education. It gives a detailed overview of the teaching of the two topics in OHTE’s 16 member states, along with a cross country analysis – combining information provided by educational authorities and by history teachers themselves.

The report refers to important areas of concern such as the inclusion of pandemics and natural disasters in history curricula, teachers’ pedagogical decisions about their teaching, multiperspectival approaches but also the use of scapegoating during these times of crises.

The observatory’s mission is to provide a clear picture of the state of history teaching in Europe. Within the countries that are party to the observatory, this is done through OHTE reports on the state of history teaching and thematic reports, which explore particular areas of interest and how they are handled in history lessons. The observatory’s vision is embodied by its motto: “Teaching history, grounding democracy”. In practice, this means that it promotes quality history education in order to improve the understanding of democratic culture among young people. The Observatory on History Teaching in Europe is a Council of Europe enlarged partial agreement.
CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION 
Background and context 
Pandemics: a historical perspective 
Natural disasters: a historical perspective 
The teaching of pandemics and natural disasters 
The thematic report 
CHAPTER 2 – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 
Cross-country comparative analysis 
Challenges and limitations 
CHAPTER 3 – INCLUSION IN SCHOOL CURRICULA AND TEACHER AUTONOMY 
Albania 
Andorra 
Armenia 
Cyprus 
France 
Georgia 
Greece 
Ireland 
Luxembourg 
Malta 
North Macedonia 
Portugal 
Serbia 
Slovenia 
Spain 
Türkiye 
Cross-country comparison 
CHAPTER 4 – TEACHING PRACTICES AND TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS 
Teaching about pandemics and natural disasters: ages and stages 
Teachers’ understanding of pandemics and natural disasters 
Factors influencing the teaching of pandemics and natural disasters 
The influence of experiences of pandemics and natural disasters on teaching 
The influence of school history on the teaching of pandemics and natural disasters 
The influence of information sources, community, friends and family 
Teachers’ perceptions of history curricula relating to pandemics and natural disasters 
The teaching of pandemics and natural disasters in the classroom 
Conclusion
CHAPTER 5 – CONCLUSIONS, PRACTICES AND PERSPECTIVES 
Main findings 
Implications 
REFERENCES 
APPENDIX 1 – RESPONSE RATES FOR THE TEACHERS’ AND EDUCATORS’ SURVEY 
APPENDIX 2 – EXAMPLES OF INCLUSION OF PANDEMICS AND NATURAL DISASTERS IN HISTORY TEXTBOOKS IN GREECE 
APPENDIX 3 – EXPERT GROUP MEMBERS AND OTHER CONTRIBUTORS