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PDF - Mosaïques du paysage - Pensées et propositions pour la mise en œuvre de la Convention du Conseil de l'Europe sur le paysage (2022)

Environment / General publications
978-92-871-9223-3
Type of document :
Book
Format :
PDF
Language :
French
Number of pages :
322
Conseil de l'Europe
34.00 € / 68.00 $US
La protection, la gestion et l'aménagement des paysages impliquent des droits et des responsabilités pour chacun.

La Convention du Conseil de l'Europe sur le paysage a pour objet de promouvoir la protection, la gestion et l'aménagement des paysages, et d'organiser la coopération internationale dans ce domaine. Elle s'applique à tout le territoire des Parties contractantes et porte sur les espaces naturels, ruraux, urbains et périurbains. Elle concerne les paysages pouvant être considérés comme remarquables, ordinaires ou dégradés.

Cette publication présente certaines pensées et propositions pour la mise en œuvre de la convention, et traite d'une "mosaïque" de questions essentielles liées à son devenir. Elle s'inscrit dans un processus de réflexion sur des thématiques majeures concernant l'espace de la vie.
Préface 
Chapitre 1 – Vers une grammaire des paysages européens 
Introduction 
1. Références méthodologiques 
2. Orientations méthodologiques 
Conclusions 
Chapitre 2 – Dessiner des paysages agricoles pour un développement durable 
Introduction 
1. Paysage et agriculture : une longue histoire 
2. L’apport du paysage à l’agriculture 
3. Diagnostic et projet agroécologique et territorial 
Conclusions 
Chapitre 3 – Le paysage des territoires ruraux en transition énergétique, agricole et démographique 
Introduction 
1.Les paysages ruraux dans la transition énergétique 
2. Les paysages ruraux dans la transition agricole 
3. Les paysages ruraux dans la transition démographique 
4. Les paysages ruraux dans la transition numérique 
Conclusions 
Chapitre 4 – Expériences de paysages ruraux 
1. L’expérience de la Toscane, Italie 
2. Le Manifeste pour la beauté des paysages en Campanie, Italie 
Chapitre 5 – Urbanisation, urbanisme et paysage 
Introduction 
1. Urbanisation, urbanisme et paysage : les données d’une équation complexe 
2. Les effets négatifs de l’urbanisation et de l’urbanisme contemporains sur le paysage 
3. Le paysage comme fondement, moyen et finalité d’un urbanisme renouvelé 
4. Des principes pour un urbanisme renouvelé par le paysage 
Conclusions 
Chapitre 6 – Une présentation des approches intégrées pour le suivi des paysages 
Introduction 
1. Contexte théorique
2. Principes du suivi du paysage
3. Organismes et initiatives de suivi du paysage
4. Proposition d’une topologie des suivis du paysage
5. Défis futurs du suivi du paysage
Conclusions
Chapitre 7 – Expériences de fonds publics concernant le paysage
Introduction
1. Autriche
2. France
3. Irlande
4. Lettonie
5. Pologne
6. Suisse
7. Royaume-Uni
8. Canada
9. États-Unis
Chapitre 8 – Paysage et responsabilité
Introduction
1. Notion de responsabilité
2. Responsabilité et paysage
3. Vers une responsabilité partagée
4. Responsabilité, paysage et bien-être
Conclusion
Chapitre 9 – Reconnaissance professionnelle des architectes paysagistes
Introduction
1. Organismes professionnels nationaux et internationaux, et reconnaissance à l’échelle mondiale
2. Formations et pratiques professionnelles
3. Reconnaissance de la profession
4. Investissement dans le paysage
Conclusions
Annexes
Chapitre 10 – La pierre sèche dans le paysage, ancestrale et innovante pour des territoires durables
Introduction
1. La pierre sèche, un usage universel et intemporel
2. L’usage de pierre sèche, une contribution au développement durable
3. Diversité des usages de ce système constructif
Conclusion
Chapitre 11 – Marcher dans le paysage
Introduction
1. Petite histoire de la marche
2. De la marche à la randonnée – les effets de l’industrialisation
3. Le développement des associations de randonnées
4. Marcher dans le paysage – une impression
5. Marcher dans le paysage industriel
6. Marcher dans le paysage urbain
7. Promenade organisée dans le paysage
Conclusions
Chapitre 12 – Formes traditionnelles de pensée et de spiritualité
Introduction
1. La région du Waldviertel en Autriche
2. Les itinéraires chantés en Australie
3. Ise, au Japon
4. Conceptions traditionnelles chinoises
Conclusions
Chapitre 13 - Paysages urbains et changement climatique: la contribution des architectes paysagistes à l'amélioration de la qualité de vie
Introduction
1. La qualité de vie en milieu urbain – études scientifiques
2. Les solutions paysagères
3. Apprendre du paysage
4. Perspectives et problèmes
Conclusion
Chapitre 14 – Paysage et responsabilités des acteurs pour un développement durable et harmonieux