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Human Rights

Queer in Europe during the Second World War

Queer in Europe during the Second World War (2018)

Edited by Régis Schlagdenhauffen

ISBN 978-92-871-8464-1
Type of document : Book
Format : Paper
Size : 16 x 24 cm
Language : English
Number of pages : 148

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Queer in Europe during the Second World War

Queer in Europe during the Second World War

At the height of the Second World War, Switzerland decriminalised homosexuality. At the same time, France chose to introduce a law punishing homosexual relationships in certain circumstances. These two examples illustrate contradictory attitudes adopted by European states towards homosexuals during the Second World War.

Going beyond the issue of the persecution of homosexuals and the central role played by Nazi Germany between 1939 and 1945, this book is the first to examine the daily lives of homosexual men and women in wartime. By bringing together European specialists on the subject, it relates a different history, one which was indeed marked by repression but also by enlistment in armies at war and resistance groups, not to mention collaboration. Chapter by chapter, it enables us to better understand why the Second World War was a turning point for gays and lesbians in Europe and why our continent is a leader in the fight against discrimination.

For the Council of Europe, this book contributes to two separate programmes, the Passing on the Remembrance of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity programme and the Promoting Human Rights and Equality for LGBT People programme, within the framework of Committee of Ministers Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)5 on combating discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity programme. It also continues work towards acknowledging all of the victims of the Nazi regime.

Régis Schlagdenhauffen is a lecturer at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), head of the gender-based social history department, member of the Laboratory of Excellence “Writing a new history of Europe” (LabEx EHNE) and co-author of the Council of Europe pedagogical factsheets for teachers entitled “Victims of Nazism. A mosaic of fates” (2015).

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At the height of the Second World War, Switzerland decriminalised homosexuality. At the same time, France chose to introduce a law punishing homosexual relationships in certain circumstances. These two examples illustrate contradictory attitudes adopted by European states towards homosexuals during the Second World War.

Going beyond the issue of the persecution of homosexuals and the central role played by Nazi Germany between 1939 and 1945, this book is the first to examine the daily lives of homosexual men and women in wartime. By bringing together European specialists on the subject, it relates a different history, one which was indeed marked by repression but also by enlistment in armies at war and resistance groups, not to mention collaboration. Chapter by chapter, it enables us to better understand why the Second World War was a turning point for gays and lesbians in Europe and why our continent is a leader in the fight against discrimination.

For the Council of Europe, this book contributes to two separate programmes, the Passing on the Remembrance of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity programme and the Promoting Human Rights and Equality for LGBT People programme, within the framework of Committee of Ministers Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)5 on combating discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity programme. It also continues work towards acknowledging all of the victims of the Nazi regime.

Régis Schlagdenhauffen is a lecturer at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), head of the gender-based social history department, member of the Laboratory of Excellence “Writing a new history of Europe” (LabEx EHNE) and co-author of the Council of Europe pedagogical factsheets for teachers entitled “Victims of Nazism. A mosaic of fates” (2015).

INTRODUCTION
Fabrice Virgili and Julie Le Gac
1. QUEER LIFE IN EUROPE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR
Régis Schlagdenhauffen
2. PUNISHING HOMOSEXUAL MEN AND WOMEN UNDER THE THIRD REICH
Régis Schlagdenhauffen
3. THE ANSCHLUSS – ALSO A SEXUAL ANNEXATION? THE SITUATION OF HOMOSEXUAL MEN AND LESBIAN WOMEN IN AUSTRIA UNDER NAZI RULE
Johann K. Kirchknopf
4. LEGAL IMBROGLIO IN THE PROTECTORATE OF BOHEMIA AND MORAVIA
Jan Seidl
5. BEING HOMOSEXUAL IN ALSACE AND MOSELLE DURING THE DE FACTO ANNEXATION FROM 1940 TO 1945
Frédéric Stroh
6. HOMOSEXUALS AND THE LABOUR SERVICE SYSTEM IN HORTHY’S HUNGARY
Judit Takács
7. FASCISM, WAR AND MALE HOMOSEXUALITY
Lorenzo Benadusi
8. SWEDEN – SUBTLE CONTROL AND GROWING HOMOPHOBIA
Jens Rydström
9. THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR – SOME RESPITE IN THE USSR
Arthur Clech
10. PUNISHING HOMOSEXUALS IN THE YUGOSLAV ANTI-FASCIST RESISTANCE ARMY
Franko Dota
ABOUT THE AUTHORS

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