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Catalog

Newsletter

Renforcer la cohésion sociale - Améliorer la situation des travailleurs à faible revenus. Encourager l'autonomisation des personnes confrontées à la grande pauvreté (2010)

Root
978-92-871-6841-2
Language :
French
Size :
16 x 24 cm
Number of pages :
121
25.00 € / 50.00 $US
La pauvreté est devenue un défi pour les sociétés européennes. L'emploi est souvent considéré comme le meilleur atout pour en sortir et, inversement, le chômage représente une cause majeure de pauvreté et d'exclusion sociale. Cependant, le fait d'avoir un emploi ne suffit pas toujours à prémunir les travailleurs contre la pauvreté, et l'emploi faiblement rémunéré est devenu un sujet politique important en Europe.L'autonomisation des personnes confrontées à la grande pauvreté dans leur vie quotidienne est l'une des stratégies visant à combattre ce phénomène. L'autonomisation fournit aux personnes en situation de pauvreté des outils qui renforcent leurs capacités à surmonter la situation.Cet ouvrage a pour but d'aider les décideurs politiques et les prestataires de services aux niveaux national et local à développer des stratégies efficaces pour améliorer la situation des travailleurs à faible revenu et pour encourager l'autonomisation des personnes confrontées à la grande pauvreté en Europe.Il contribue de manière importante à la mise en oeuvre de la Stratégie de cohésion sociale révisée du Conseil de l'Europe et à l'Année européenne de lutte contre la pauvreté et l'exclusion sociale, lancée en 2010 par l'Union européenne.

Préface

Améliorer la situation des travailleurs à faible revenu

Résumé

1.   Introduction
1.1.Mandat
1.2. Méthodes de travail

2.   Définitions
2.1. Définition des travailleurs à faible revenu
2.2. Définition du bas salaire
2.3. Définition de travail adoptée

3.   Quantification du travail à faible revenu

4.   Profil des travailleurs à faible revenu
4.1. Travail à faible revenu et chômage

5.   Facteurs déterminant le travail à faible revenu
5.1. Facteurs sociétaux
5. 1.1.Sexe
5.1.2. Facteurs géographiques
5.2. Facteurs individuels
5.3. Facteurs professionnels

6.   Obstacles à l'emploi

7.   Conséquences d'un travail à faible revenu

8.   Politiques européennes et publiques: rendre le travail plus rémunérateur
8.1. Politiques fiscales et sociales
8.2. Politique de l'emploi
8.3. Politique de l'éducation et de la formation
8.4. Responsabilité sociale des entreprises

Bibliographie

Encourager l'autonomisation des personnes confrontées à la grande pauvreté

Introduction
1.  Grande pauvreté et exclusion sociale
1.1. Définitions
1.2. Trois principes relatifs à la grande pauvrete et à l'exclusion sociale

2.  Qu'est-ce que l'autonomisation?
2.1. Définition
2.2. Les différentes dimensions de l'autonomisation

3.   Vers des mesures en faveur de l'autonomisation des personnes confrontées à la grande pauvreté
3.1. La pauvreté est plurielle
3.2. Intervention fondée sur les droits
3.3. Approche coordonnée
3.4. Evaluation et protection de la qualité

4.  Renforcer les capacités individuelles
4.1. Soutien matériel de base
4.1.1. Exemples de soutien materiel de base
4.1.2. Critères pour le soutien de base à l'autonomisation
4.2. Allocations et crédits
4.2.1. Quelques exemples de prestations
4.2.2. Critères pour le soutien financier à l'autonomisation
4.3. Accès aux services sociaux
4.3.1. Services sociaux intégrés
4.3.2. Le cas du surendettement
4.3.3. Services sociaux propices à l'autonomisation
4.4. Politiques d'activation économique
4.4.1. Types de politiques d'activation
4.4.2. L'autonomisation par des politiques d'activation economique

5.  Le pouvoir des réseaux sociaux
5.1. La solidarité à l'intérieur du groupe
5.2. La solidarité à l'extérieur du groupe
5.3. Le développement communautaire

6.  Faire entendre sa voix (au niveau politique)
6.1. Participation ascendante
6.2. Participation descendante
6.3. Structures et méthodes de participation
6.3.1. Structures
6.3.2. Méthodes

Conclusion

Bibliographie

Annexes

Annexe I
Lignes directrices sur l'amélioration de la situation des travailleurs à faible revenu et l'autonomisation des personnes confrontées à la grande pauvreté

Annexe II
Membres du Comite d'experts sur l'amélioration de la situation des travailleurs à faible revenu

Annexe III
Membres du Comite d'experts sur l'autonomisation des personnes confrontées à la grande pauvreté

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Renforcer la cohésion sociale - Améliorer la situation des travailleurs à faible revenus. Encourager l'autonomisation des personnes confrontées à la grande pauvreté