Array ( [id] => 2 [link] => [name] => [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 6 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/6-online-bookshop [name] => Online Bookshop [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 40 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/40-committee-of-ministers [name] => Committee of Ministers [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 41 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/41-texts-of-council-of-europe-treaties [name] => Texts of Council of Europe Treaties [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 43 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/43-council-of-europe-treaties-and-explanatory-reports [name] => Council of Europe Treaties and explanatory reports [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 44 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/44-collected-edition-of-the-council-of-europe-treaties-series [name] => Collected edition of the Council of Europe Treaties Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 45 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/45-committee-of-ministers-compendium-of-adopted-texts [name] => Committee of Ministers - Compendium of adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 42 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/42-committee-of-ministers-other-publications [name] => Committee of Ministers - Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 46 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/46-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 47 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/47-parliamentary-assembly-adopted-texts [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 48 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/48-parliamentary-assembly-orders-of-the-day-minutes [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Orders of the Day, Minutes [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 49 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/49-parliamentary-assembly-official-reports-of-debates [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Official Reports of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 50 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/50-parliamentary-assembly-documents-working-papers [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Documents, Working Papers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 51 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/51-parliamentary-assembly-general-publications [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 52 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/52-congress [name] => Congress [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 53 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/53-congress-local-and-regional-action-series [name] => Congress / Local and Regional Action Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 54 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/54-congress-studies-and-texts-series [name] => Congress/ Studies and Texts Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 55 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/55-congress-adopted-texts [name] => Congress / Adopted Texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 56 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/56-congress-official-report-of-debates [name] => Congress / Official Report of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 57 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/57-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 58 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/58-human-rights-and-democracy [name] => Human Rights and Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 59 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/59-children-s-rights-and-family-law [name] => Children's rights and family law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 60 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/60-making-democratic-institutions-work [name] => Making democratic institutions work [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 61 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/61-minorities [name] => Minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 62 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/62-human-rights-files [name] => Human Rights Files [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 63 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/63-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 64 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/64-social-charter-monographs [name] => Social Charter Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 65 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/65-gender-equality [name] => Gender equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 66 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/66-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 376 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/376-commissioner-for-human-rights [name] => Commissioner for Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 67 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/67-european-commission-of-human-rights [name] => European Commission of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 68 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/68-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 71 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/71-international-law [name] => International Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 75 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/75-constitutional-law [name] => Constitutional Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 77 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/77-legal-instruments [name] => Legal instruments [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 76 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/76-penal-law-and-criminology [name] => Penal Law and criminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 79 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/79-computers-and-law [name] => Computers and law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 74 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/74-economy-and-crime-fight-against-corruption [name] => Economy and crime, fight against corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 72 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/72-terrorism-and-law [name] => Terrorism and Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 69 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/69-points-of-view-points-of-law [name] => Points of view - Points of Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 70 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/70-europeans-and-their-rights [name] => Europeans and their rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 73 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/73-migrants-rights [name] => Migrants rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 78 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/78-themis-programme [name] => Themis Programme [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 80 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/80-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 81 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/81-health-and-society-ethics [name] => Health and society, Ethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 82 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/82-blood-transfusion-and-organ-transplantation [name] => Blood transfusion and organ transplantation [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 83 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/83-health-protection-of-the-consumer [name] => Health protection of the consumer [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 84 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/84-integration-of-people-with-disabilities [name] => Integration of people with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 85 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/85-european-directorate-for-the-quality-of-medicines-and-healthcare-edqm [name] => European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (EDQM) [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 86 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/86-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 87 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/87-demography [name] => Demography [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 88 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/88-trends-in-social-cohesion-series [name] => Trends in Social Cohesion Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 89 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/89-responses-to-violence-in-everyday-life-in-a-democratic-society-series [name] => Responses to violence in everyday life in a democratic society Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 90 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/90-drugs-and-addiction [name] => Drugs and addiction [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 91 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/91-social-security [name] => Social Security [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 92 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/92-community-relations [name] => Community relations [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 93 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/93-social-co-operation-in-europe [name] => Social co-operation in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 94 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/94-population-studies-series [name] => Population Studies Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 95 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/95-environment [name] => Environment [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 96 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/96-nature-and-environment-series [name] => Nature and environment Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 97 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/97-environmental-encounters-series [name] => Environmental Encounters Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 98 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/98-territory-and-landscape-series [name] => Territory and Landscape Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 99 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/99-european-regional-planning-series [name] => European Regional Planning Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 100 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/100-environment-general-publications [name] => Environment / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 101 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/101-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 102 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/102-co-operation-for-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Co-operation for Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 103 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/103-local-and-regional-authorities-in-europe-series [name] => Local and Regional Authorities in Europe Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 104 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/104-structure-and-operation-of-local-and-regional-democracy-series [name] => Structure and operation of Local and Regional Democracy Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 105 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/105-education [name] => Education [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 406 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/406-education-policy [name] => Education policy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 108 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/108-human-rights-democratic-citizenship-and-interculturalism [name] => Human rights, democratic citizenship and interculturalism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 112 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/112-higher-education-and-research [name] => Higher education and research [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 110 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/110-secondary-education [name] => Secondary education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 107 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/107-history-teaching [name] => History teaching [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 106 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/106-pestalozzi-series [name] => Pestalozzi series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 113 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/113-languages [name] => Languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 114 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/114-education-and-modern-languages [name] => Education and modern languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 115 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/115-language-policy [name] => Language policy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 116 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/116-regional-and-minority-languages [name] => Regional and minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 117 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/117-terminology [name] => Terminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 118 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/118-youth [name] => Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 119 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/119-training-kits-youth [name] => Training Kits / Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 120 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/120-national-youth-policies [name] => National Youth Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 121 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/121-youth-other-publications [name] => Youth / Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 396 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/396-perspectives-on-youth [name] => Perspectives on youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 122 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/122-culture [name] => Culture [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 123 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/123-cultural-development [name] => Cultural development [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 124 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/124-cultural-heritage [name] => Cultural heritage [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 125 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/125-cultural-policies [name] => Cultural Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 126 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/126-culture-and-neighbourhoods [name] => Culture and neighbourhoods [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 127 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/127-sport [name] => Sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 128 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/128-sports-monographs [name] => Sports - Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 129 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/129-communication [name] => Communication [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 130 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/130-mass-media [name] => Mass media [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 131 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/131-european-audiovisual-observatory [name] => European Audiovisual Observatory [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 132 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/132-new-information-technologies [name] => New information technologies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 133 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/133-european-issues [name] => European issues [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 134 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/134-activities-annual-report [name] => Activities Annual Report [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 135 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/135-democracy-debates [name] => Democracy Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 136 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/136-european-debates [name] => European debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 137 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/137-books-on-europe [name] => Books on Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 138 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/138-other-fields [name] => Other fields [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 373 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/373-catalogues-of-publications [name] => Catalogues of publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1

Catalog

Newsletter

IRIS Plus 2020-2: The European audiovisual industry in the time of COVID-19 (2020)

European Audiovisual Observatory
978-92-871-8712-3
Type of document :
Book
Format :
Paper
Language :
English
Size :
A4
Number of pages :
90
European Audiovisual Observatory (Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Léa Chochon, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais)
7.50 € / 15.00 $US
With its comparative analysis of approaches taken in the context of the COVID-19 crisis, this IRIS Plus helps the reader understand the diversity of approaches, interests, and measures taken across the film and audiovisual sector, and the diversity of the bodies taking them.

It is June 2020, and the European audiovisual sector is barely emerging from the COVID-19 crisis; although a full assessment of the short- and long-term effects of this crisis remains premature, a first set of observations can nevertheless be made. The immediate effects of the crisis have been diverse and have affected almost all the main branches of the audiovisual sector, ranging from the interruption of ongoing production projects to the shutdown of cinemas. Many emergency measures have been taken to deal with these immediate effects, but some of them, by their very nature, such as measures offering loans, are likely to be limited to deferring the impact.
Executive summary 
1. Setting the scene: one crisis could conceal another 
1.1. The pre-COVID-19 crisis European landscape
1.2. The immediate effect of the crisis 
1.3. Emergency measures 
1.4. Deferred effects of the COVID-19 crisis
1.5. The risk of a systemic crisis
1.6. The EAO Tracker on COVID-19 Audiovisual Sector Measures
1.6.1. Scope of the project
1.6.2. Information sources 
2. Measures taken by international organisations and the EU 
2.1. Freedom of expression and information 
2.1.1. United Nations
2.1.2. Council of Europe
2.1.3. Guidance on COVID-19 and media freedom 
2.1.4. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
2.1.5. European Union
2.1.6. European Regulators Group for Audiovisual Media Services (ERGA)
2.2. Support measures 
2.2.1. UNESCO 
2.2.2. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
2.2.3. Council of Europe 
2.2.4. European Union 
2.2.5. Specific measures regarding the film and audiovisual sectors 
3. Overview of national measures 
3.1. General overview
3.1.1. A wide variety of responses by type of organisation
3.1.2. Main types of measures per area concerned
3.1.3. Support to artists and creators
3.1.4. Support to festivals and cinema venues 
3.1.5. Other types of measures 
3.2. National examples of measures by film agencies
3.2.1. Support to the film and audiovisual sector (non-specific)
3.2.2. Support to enterprises and workers 
3.2.3. Support to production 
3.2.4. Support to distribution 
3.2.5. Support to exhibition 
3.2.6. Support to events and festivals 
3.3. National examples of measures by NRAs
3.3.1. Relaxing requirements/deadlines
3.3.2. Supporting education and media literacy
3.4. National examples of measures by CMOs
3.4.1. New emergency funds and grants 
3.4.2. Relaxing requirements/deadlines and advancing support payment
3.4.3. Creating hotline assistance and FAQ
4. Industry-driven initiatives 
4.1. Cross-sector initiatives
4.2. Film and TV production sector 
4.3. Distribution
4.4. Exhibition
4.5. Film festivals and awards
4.6. VOD services 
4.7. Broadcasting sector
4.7.1. Initiatives by public broadcasters
4.7.2. Initiatives by commercial broadcasters 
4.8. Collective Management Organisations
5. Concluding remarks

Figures

Figure 1. Breakdown of the main area concerned per sector (in number of measures and as a percentage)
Figure 2. Breakdown of main type of measure per sector (in number of measures)
Figure 3. Breakdown of areas concerned per number of measures taken by governments/parliaments (in number of measures) 
Figure 4. Breakdown of governmental and parliamentary measures by type of measures taken (in number of measures) 
Figure 5. Breakdown of film agency measures by type of measures (in number of measures) 
Figure 6. Relaxing requirements/deadlines measures - breakdown per area concerned (in number of measures and percentages) 
Figure 7. Breakdown of NRA's measures per type of intervention (in number of measures) 
Figure 8. Breakdown of NRA's measures per area concerned (per number of measures) 
Figure 9. Breakdown of CMO's measures per type of measure