Array ( [id] => 2 [link] => [name] => [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 6 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/6-online-bookshop [name] => Online Bookshop [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 40 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/40-committee-of-ministers [name] => Committee of Ministers [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 41 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/41-texts-of-council-of-europe-treaties [name] => Texts of Council of Europe Treaties [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 43 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/43-council-of-europe-treaties-and-explanatory-reports [name] => Council of Europe Treaties and explanatory reports [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 44 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/44-collected-edition-of-the-council-of-europe-treaties-series [name] => Collected edition of the Council of Europe Treaties Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 45 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/45-committee-of-ministers-compendium-of-adopted-texts [name] => Committee of Ministers - Compendium of adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 42 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/42-committee-of-ministers-other-publications [name] => Committee of Ministers - Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 46 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/46-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 47 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/47-parliamentary-assembly-adopted-texts [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 48 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/48-parliamentary-assembly-orders-of-the-day-minutes [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Orders of the Day, Minutes [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 49 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/49-parliamentary-assembly-official-reports-of-debates [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Official Reports of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 50 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/50-parliamentary-assembly-documents-working-papers [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Documents, Working Papers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 51 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/51-parliamentary-assembly-general-publications [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 52 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/52-congress [name] => Congress [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 53 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/53-congress-local-and-regional-action-series [name] => Congress / Local and Regional Action Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 54 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/54-congress-studies-and-texts-series [name] => Congress/ Studies and Texts Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 55 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/55-congress-adopted-texts [name] => Congress / Adopted Texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 56 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/56-congress-official-report-of-debates [name] => Congress / Official Report of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 57 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/57-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 58 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/58-human-rights-and-democracy [name] => Human Rights and Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 59 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/59-children-s-rights-and-family-law [name] => Children's rights and family law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 60 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/60-making-democratic-institutions-work [name] => Making democratic institutions work [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 61 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/61-minorities [name] => Minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 62 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/62-human-rights-files [name] => Human Rights Files [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 63 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/63-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 64 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/64-social-charter-monographs [name] => Social Charter Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 65 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/65-gender-equality [name] => Gender equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 66 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/66-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 376 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/376-commissioner-for-human-rights [name] => Commissioner for Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 67 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/67-european-commission-of-human-rights [name] => European Commission of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 68 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/68-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 71 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/71-international-law [name] => International Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 75 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/75-constitutional-law [name] => Constitutional Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 77 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/77-legal-instruments [name] => Legal instruments [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 76 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/76-penal-law-and-criminology [name] => Penal Law and criminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 79 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/79-computers-and-law [name] => Computers and law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 74 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/74-economy-and-crime-fight-against-corruption [name] => Economy and crime, fight against corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 72 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/72-terrorism-and-law [name] => Terrorism and Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 69 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/69-points-of-view-points-of-law [name] => Points of view - Points of Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 70 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/70-europeans-and-their-rights [name] => Europeans and their rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 73 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/73-migrants-rights [name] => Migrants rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 78 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/78-themis-programme [name] => Themis Programme [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 80 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/80-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 81 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/81-health-and-society-ethics [name] => Health and society, Ethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 82 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/82-blood-transfusion-and-organ-transplantation [name] => Blood transfusion and organ transplantation [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 83 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/83-health-protection-of-the-consumer [name] => Health protection of the consumer [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 84 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/84-integration-of-people-with-disabilities [name] => Integration of people with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 85 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/85-european-directorate-for-the-quality-of-medicines-and-healthcare-edqm [name] => European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (EDQM) [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 86 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/86-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 87 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/87-demography [name] => Demography [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 88 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/88-trends-in-social-cohesion-series [name] => Trends in Social Cohesion Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 89 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/89-responses-to-violence-in-everyday-life-in-a-democratic-society-series [name] => Responses to violence in everyday life in a democratic society Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 90 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/90-drugs-and-addiction [name] => Drugs and addiction [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 91 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/91-social-security [name] => Social Security [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 92 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/92-community-relations [name] => Community relations [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 93 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/93-social-co-operation-in-europe [name] => Social co-operation in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 94 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/94-population-studies-series [name] => Population Studies Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 95 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/95-environment [name] => Environment [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 96 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/96-nature-and-environment-series [name] => Nature and environment Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 97 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/97-environmental-encounters-series [name] => Environmental Encounters Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 98 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/98-territory-and-landscape-series [name] => Territory and Landscape Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 99 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/99-european-regional-planning-series [name] => European Regional Planning Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 100 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/100-environment-general-publications [name] => Environment / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 101 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/101-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 102 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/102-co-operation-for-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Co-operation for Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 103 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/103-local-and-regional-authorities-in-europe-series [name] => Local and Regional Authorities in Europe Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 104 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/104-structure-and-operation-of-local-and-regional-democracy-series [name] => Structure and operation of Local and Regional Democracy Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 105 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/105-education [name] => Education [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 406 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/406-education-policy [name] => Education policy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 108 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/108-human-rights-democratic-citizenship-and-interculturalism [name] => Human rights, democratic citizenship and interculturalism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 112 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/112-higher-education-and-research [name] => Higher education and research [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 110 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/110-secondary-education [name] => Secondary education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 107 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/107-history-teaching [name] => History teaching [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 106 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/106-pestalozzi-series [name] => Pestalozzi series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 113 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/113-languages [name] => Languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 114 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/114-education-and-modern-languages [name] => Education and modern languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 115 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/115-language-policy [name] => Language policy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 116 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/116-regional-and-minority-languages [name] => Regional and minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 117 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/117-terminology [name] => Terminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 118 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/118-youth [name] => Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 119 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/119-training-kits-youth [name] => Training Kits / Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 120 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/120-national-youth-policies [name] => National Youth Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 121 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/121-youth-other-publications [name] => Youth / Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 396 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/396-perspectives-on-youth [name] => Perspectives on youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 122 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/122-culture [name] => Culture [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 123 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/123-cultural-development [name] => Cultural development [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 124 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/124-cultural-heritage [name] => Cultural heritage [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 125 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/125-cultural-policies [name] => Cultural Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 126 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/126-culture-and-neighbourhoods [name] => Culture and neighbourhoods [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 127 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/127-sport [name] => Sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 128 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/128-sports-monographs [name] => Sports - Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 129 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/129-communication [name] => Communication [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 130 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/130-mass-media [name] => Mass media [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 131 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/131-european-audiovisual-observatory [name] => European Audiovisual Observatory [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 132 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/132-new-information-technologies [name] => New information technologies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 412 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/412-artificial-intelligence [name] => Artificial intelligence [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 133 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/133-european-issues [name] => European issues [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 134 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/134-activities-annual-report [name] => Activities Annual Report [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 135 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/135-democracy-debates [name] => Democracy Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 136 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/136-european-debates [name] => European debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 137 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/137-books-on-europe [name] => Books on Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 138 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/138-other-fields [name] => Other fields [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 373 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/373-catalogues-of-publications [name] => Catalogues of publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 7 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/7-online-resources [name] => Online resources [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 378 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/378-the-council-of-europe-in-brief [name] => The Council of Europe in brief [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 170 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/170-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 187 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/187-children-s-rights [name] => Children's rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 172 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/172-european-convention-on-human-rights [name] => European Convention on Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 191 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/191-violence-against-women-and-domestic-violence [name] => Violence against women and domestic violence [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 176 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/176-death-penalty [name] => Death penalty [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 192 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/192-trafficking-in-human-beings [name] => Trafficking in human beings [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 177 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/177-prevention-of-torture [name] => Prevention of torture [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 178 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/178-racism [name] => Racism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 179 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/179-democracy [name] => Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 180 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/180-democracy-through-law [name] => Democracy Through Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 181 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/181-forum-for-the-future-of-democracy [name] => Forum for the Future of Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 182 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/182-civil-society [name] => Civil society [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 186 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/186-human-dignity [name] => Human dignity [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 193 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/193-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 194 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/194-living-together-diversity-and-freedom-in-europe [name] => Living Together - Diversity and Freedom in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 195 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/195-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 205 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/205-drugs [name] => Drugs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 196 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/196-migration [name] => Migration [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 190 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/190-gender-equality [name] => Gender Equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 197 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/197-council-of-europe-development-bank [name] => Council of Europe Development Bank [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 222 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/222-lgbt [name] => LGBT [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 223 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/223-people-with-disabilities [name] => People with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 198 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/198-internet-media [name] => Internet, Media [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 199 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/199-internet [name] => Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 200 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/200-children-and-the-internet [name] => Children and the Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 201 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/201-media-freedom [name] => Media freedom [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 202 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/202-cybercrime [name] => Cybercrime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 203 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/203-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 204 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/204-bioethics [name] => Bioethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 206 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/206-pharmaceutical-and-healthcare-europe [name] => Pharmaceutical and healthcare Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 207 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/207-health-protection [name] => Health protection [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 208 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/208-culture-heritage-nature [name] => Culture, Heritage, Nature [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 210 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/210-european-cultural-convention [name] => European Cultural Convention [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 211 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/211-intercultural-and-interreligious-dialogue [name] => Intercultural and interreligious dialogue [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 212 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/212-biological-diversity-bern-convention [name] => Biological diversity - Bern Convention [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 214 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/214-climate-change [name] => Climate change [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 215 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/215-council-of-europe-and-the-eu [name] => Council of Europe and the EU [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 216 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/216-council-of-europe-and-european-union-different-roles-shared-values [name] => Council of Europe and European Union : different roles, shared values [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 217 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/217-eu-accession-to-the-european-convention-on-human-rights [name] => EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 218 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/218-minorities-rights [name] => Minorities' Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 219 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/219-national-minorities [name] => National minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 220 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/220-minority-languages [name] => Minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 221 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/221-roma-and-travellers [name] => Roma and Travellers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 224 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/224-education-languages-sport-youth [name] => Education, languages, sport, youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 226 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/226-teaching-history [name] => Teaching History [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 233 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/233-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 234 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/234-organised-crime [name] => Organised crime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 235 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/235-corruption [name] => Corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 237 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/237-personal-data [name] => Personal data [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 175 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/175-european-prison-reform [name] => European prison reform [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 238 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/238-terrorism [name] => Terrorism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 239 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/239-efficiency-of-justice [name] => Efficiency of justice [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 240 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/240-institutions [name] => Institutions [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 242 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/242-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 243 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/243-congress-of-local-and-regional-authorities [name] => Congress of Local and Regional Authorities  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 244 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/244-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 246 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/246-conference-of-ingos [name] => Conference of INGOs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 247 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/247-secretary-general [name] => Secretary General [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1

Catalog

Newsletter

The European Convention on Human Rights – Principles and Law (2022)

Human Rights and Democracy
Format : Paper
978-92-871-9190-8
Type of document :
Book
Format :
Paper
Language :
English
Size :
16 x 24 cm
Number of pages :
410
C.M. Buckley, K. Kamber, P. McCormick, with contribution of D. J. Harris
49.00 € / 98.00 $US
To be published. Would you like to be informed when it becomes available?

An indispensable guide for university students, government officials and legal practitioners alike

The European Convention on Human Rights – Principles and law is the essential handbook for university students, government officials, lawyers and human rights advocates seeking a comprehensive and concise account of the case law generated under the European Convention on Human Rights. Written by experts on the Convention, it:

 cites nearly 1 500 cases, providing links to each case in the HUDOC database;

 identifies key challenges and current legal developments;

 provides suggestions for further reading on contentious issues;

 is a companion text to Council of Europe’s book The individual application under the European Convention on Human Rights – Procedural guide by Linos-Alexandre Sicilianos and Maria-Andriani Kostopoulou.

The authors:
Carla M. BUCKLEY LLB, LLM, International Human Rights Lawyer (High Court of Autralia)
Krešimir KAMBER LLM, PHD, Registry Lawyer, European Court of Human Rights
Pamela McCORMICK LLB, LLM, Registry Lawyer, European Court of Human Rights
Chapter 1 with C. M. Buckley, Chapters 17 and 19 by
David J. HARRIS LLM, PHD, CMG, Emeritus Professor in Residence, University of Nottingham
Foreword
Preface
Terminology, references and abbreviations
Chapter 1. Introduction to the European Convention on Human Rights
I. Background
II. The substantive guarantee
III. The interpretation of the Convention
IV. Negative and positive obligations
V. Reservations
VI. The "jurisdiction" of the Court
Further reading
Chapter 2. The right to life and abolition of the death penalty
I. Introduction
II. The obligation to protect the right to life
III. The prohibition on taking life by the use of force
IV. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 3. Freedom from torture and other forms of ill-treatment
I. Introduction
II. Conduct falling within Article 3
III. Torture
IV. Inhuman treatment
V. Inhuman punishment
VI. Degrading treatment
VII. Degrading punishment
VIII. Different contexts for ill-treatment
IX. Positive obligations
X. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 4. The prohibition on slavery and related practices
I. Introduction
II. The structure of Article 4
III. The substantive scope of Article 4
IV. Positive obligations
V. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 5. The right to liberty and security of person and freedom from imprisonment for non-payment of a contractual obligation
I. Introduction
II. The meaning of "deprivation" of liberty
III. Lawfulness and protection from arbitrariness
IV.  Grounds for permissible detention under Article 5(1)
V. Procedural safeguards
VI. Compensation for unlawful detention: Article 5(5)
VII. Article 1 of Protocol No. 4: prohibition of imprisonment for debt
VIII. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 6. The right to a fair hearing and other procedural safeguards in criminal proceedings
I. Introduction
II. The logic and structure of Article 6
III. General considerations under Article 6
IV. The concept of "criminal charge"
V. The existence of a "dispute over civil rights and obligations"
VI. Institutional guarantees of Article 6(1): independence, impartiality and a tribunal established by law
VII. The procedural guarantees of Article 6(1)
VIII. The presumption of innocence: Article 6(2)
IX. The minimum guarantees of a fair trial: Article 6(3)
X. Article 2 of Protocol No. 7: right of appeal in criminal matters
XI. Article 3 of Protocol No. 7: the right to compensation for wrongful conviction
XII. Article 4 of Protocol No. 7: right not to be tried or punished twice (ne bis in idem)
XIII. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 7. No punishment without law
I. Introduction
II. General principles of application
III. The principle of legality: nullum crimen nulla peona sine lege
IV. The principle of (non-)retroactivity of criminal law
V. The limited scope of Article 7(2)
VI. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 8. The right to respect for private and family life, home and correspondence; the right to marry and found a family; and equality of spouses
I. Introduction
II. Four interests protected by Article 8(1)
III. Interference with rights: Article 8(2)
IV. Positive obligations
V. Procedural obligations
VI. Specific categories of cases
VII. Article 12: the right to marry and found a family
VIII. Article 5 of Protocol No. 7: equality of spouses
IX. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 9. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
I. Introduction
II. The scope of Article 9
III. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
IV. Faith organisations and the state
V. Conscientious objection to military service
VI. Expulsion and freedom of religion
VII. Manifesting religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance
VIII. Positive obligations
IX. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 10. The right to freedom of expression
I. Introduction
II. The structure of Article 10
III. The forms of expression protected under Article 10
IV. Freedom of expression and new technologies
V. Right of access to information
VI. Positive and procedural obligations
VII. Article 10 and other Convention provisions
VIII. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 11. Freedom of assembly and association
I. Introduction
II. Freedom of peaceful assembly
III. Freedom of association
IV. Freedom to form and join trade unions
V. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 12. The right to an effective remedy
I. Introduction
II. General considerations under Article 13
III. Effectiveness of a remedy under Article 13
IV. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 13. The prohibition of discrimination
I. Introduction
II. The prohibited form of discrimination
III. The structure of the Court's assessment under Article 14
IV. Article 1 of Protocol No. 12: the general prohibition of discrimination
V. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 14. Derogation in time of war or other public emergency threatening the life of the nation
I. Introduction
II. "In time of war or other public emergency threatening the life of the nation"
III. "To the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation"
IV. Other international law obligations
V. The non-derogable provisions
VI. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 15. Limitations on rights
I. Article 16: political activities of "aliens"
II. Article 17: acts subversive of Convention rights
III. Article 18: purposes of prescribed restrictions on rights
Further reading
Chapter 16. The right to property
I. Introduction
II. The nature of "possessions"
III. Interference with property
IV. The general rule: interference with the peaceful enjoyment of possessions
V. Deprivation of property
VI. Control of use of property
VII. The fair balance principle
VIII. Compensation
IX. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 17. The right to education
I. Introduction
II. No denial of the right to education
III. Respect for parents' religious and philosophical convictions
IV. Discrimination and minority rights
V. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 18. The right to free elections
I. Introduction
II. Scope of electoral rights
III. The right to vote
IV. The right to stand for election
V. The conduct and administration of elections
VI. Electoral appeals and challenges
VII. Coverage of elections
VIII. Contemporary and future issues
Further reading
Chapter 19. Freedom of movement and protection against expulsion
I. Article 2 of Protocol No. 4: freedom of movement
II. Article 3 of Protocol No. 4: the right of a national not to be expelled from and to enter a state's territory
III. Article 4 of Protocol No. 4: freedom of aliens from collective expulsion
IV. Article 1 of Protocol No. 7: freedom from expulsion of individual aliens
Further reading
Appendix: List of cited cases