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PDF - Είδωλα - Εγχειρίδιο για την αντιμετώπιση του αντιτσιγγανισμού μέσω της εκπαίδευσης στα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα (Mirrors Greek version) (2016)

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και Περιπλανώμενων Πληθυσμών είναι εκτεθειμένοι στις διακρίσεις και στον αποκλεισμό, η κλιμάκωση των οποίων έχει πάψει να προκαλεί εντύπωση στα άτομα και τους θεσμούς. Συνήθως, μόνο όταν κινδυνεύουν ζωές αφυπνιζόμαστε απέναντι σε διαχρονικές πρακτικές οι οποίες όμως δεν έχουν θέση σε δημοκρατικές κοινωνίες.

Ο αντιτσιγγανισμός είναι ένας όρος ο οποίος αναφέρεται στις πολλαπλές μορφές δυσμενούς μεταχείρισης, προκατάληψης και στερεοτύπων που ωθούν στη μεροληπτική μεταχείριση σε βάρος των Ρομά σε, θεσμικό και ατομικό επίπεδο. Ο αντιτσιγγανισμός αποτελεί μορφή φυλετικής διάκρισης. Ως επί το πλείστον, οι πράξεις αντιτσιγγανισμού είναι παράνομες και παραβιάζουν τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα, ακόμα και όταν δεν διώκονται ποινικά και παρόλο που είναι ευρέως διαδεδομένες και συνήθως παραβλέπονται ή γίνονται ανεκτές. Ο αντιτσιγγανισμός υπονομεύει τον ηθικό ιστό των κοινωνιών. Η δημοκρατία και τα ανθρώπινα  ικαιώματα δε βρίσκουν πρόσφορο έδαφος σε κοινωνίες όπου οι διακρίσεις έχουν θεσμοθετηθεί, γίνονται ανεκτές ή παραβλέπονται κατά το δοκούν.

Η εκπαίδευση διαδραματίζει κεντρικό ρόλο στην καταπολέμηση και αντιμετώπιση του αντιτσιγγανισμού, διότι το αποτέλεσμα αιώνων προκατάληψης δεν μπορεί να καταπολεμηθεί αποκλειστικά με νόμους και δικαστήρια. Η εκπαίδευση στα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα —η εκμάθηση για, μέσω και σχετικά με τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα— παρέχει την ιδανική προσέγγιση για την ευαισθητοποίηση σχετικά με τον αντίτσιγγανισμό και την προώθηση της κουλτούρας της οικομενικότητας των ανθρωπίνων ικαιωμάτων.

Το συγκεκριμένο εγχειρίδιο εκπονήθηκε στο πλαίσιο του Σχεδίου Δράσης του Συμβουλίου της Ευρώπης για την νεολαία Ρομά για  να παρέχει σε εκπαιδευτικούς και εκπαιδευτές της μη τυπικής εκπαίδευσης την απαραίτητη πληροφόρηση και τα μεθοδολογικά εργαλεία για την αντιμετώπιση του αντιτσιγγανισμού αναφορικά με τους νέους ανεξαρτήτως ηλικίας και κοινωνικοπολιτικού πλαισίου. Ενδείκνυται εξίσου για εργασία με ομάδες μη Ρομά, μόνο Ρομά ή μικτές. Η καταπολέμηση του αντιτσιγγανισμού είναι ένα καθήκον που αφορά όλους μας. Η εκμάθηση γύρω από «αυτόν» αποτελεί απαραίτητο σημείο εκκίνησης.

Ως ανθρώπινα όντα είμαστε σε θέση να προβαίνουμε σε διακρίσεις και να δημιουργούμε προκαταλήψεις απέναντι σε άλλους. Ευτυχώς, είμαστε επίσης σε θέση να μαθαίνουμε και να αλλάζουμε. Τα Είδωλα αποτελούν ένα εξαιρετικό εργαλείο που μας βοηθάει να εντοπίσουμε τέτοιου είδους ζητήματα, να διορθώσουμε τυχόν στρεβλές απόψεις και να ταυτιστούμε με τη ματιά του άλλου.

1 Εισαγωγή
Το Σχέδιο Δράσης του Συμβουλίου της Ευρώπης για τη νεολαία Ρομά και η αντιμετώπιση του αντιτσιγγανισμού
2 Οδηγός για το εγχειρίδιο
Αντικείμενο εργασιών
Δομή του εγχειριδίου
Διεξαγωγή των δραστηριοτήτων
3 Αντιτσιγγανισμός
«Γύφτοι», Ρομά και αντιτσιγγανισμός
Αντιτσιγγανισμός στην πράξη
4 Ανθρώπινα Δικαιώματα
Βασικά στοιχεία σχετικά με τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα
Ο νόμος και τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα
Τρία επίπεδα προστασίας
Βασικές Συνθήκες
Εφαρμογή των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων
5 Βασικοί όροι
6 Δραστηριότητες
Παράρτημα I. Εκτιμώμενος πληθυσμός των Ρομά στην Ευρώπη
Παράρτημα II. Η Ευρωπαϊκή Σύμβαση για τα Δικαιώματα του Ανθρώπου και τα Πρωτόκολλα αυτής

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PDF - Είδωλα - Εγχειρίδιο για την αντιμετώπιση του αντιτσιγγανισμού μέσω της εκπαίδευσης στα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα (Mirrors Greek version)