Array ( [id] => 2 [link] => [name] => [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 6 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/6-online-bookshop [name] => Online Bookshop [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 40 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/40-committee-of-ministers [name] => Committee of Ministers [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 41 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/41-texts-of-council-of-europe-treaties [name] => Texts of Council of Europe Treaties [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 43 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/43-council-of-europe-treaties-and-explanatory-reports [name] => Council of Europe Treaties and explanatory reports [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 44 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/44-collected-edition-of-the-council-of-europe-treaties-series [name] => Collected edition of the Council of Europe Treaties Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 45 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/45-committee-of-ministers-compendium-of-adopted-texts [name] => Committee of Ministers - Compendium of adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 42 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/42-committee-of-ministers-other-publications [name] => Committee of Ministers - Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 46 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/46-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 47 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/47-parliamentary-assembly-adopted-texts [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 48 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/48-parliamentary-assembly-orders-of-the-day-minutes [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Orders of the Day, Minutes [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 49 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/49-parliamentary-assembly-official-reports-of-debates [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Official Reports of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 50 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/50-parliamentary-assembly-documents-working-papers [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Documents, Working Papers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 51 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/51-parliamentary-assembly-general-publications [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 52 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/52-congress [name] => Congress [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 53 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/53-congress-local-and-regional-action-series [name] => Congress / Local and Regional Action Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 54 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/54-congress-studies-and-texts-series [name] => Congress/ Studies and Texts Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 55 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/55-congress-adopted-texts [name] => Congress / Adopted Texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 56 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/56-congress-official-report-of-debates [name] => Congress / Official Report of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 57 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/57-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 58 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/58-human-rights-and-democracy [name] => Human Rights and Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 59 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/59-children-s-rights-and-family-law [name] => Children's rights and family law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 60 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/60-making-democratic-institutions-work [name] => Making democratic institutions work [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 61 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/61-minorities [name] => Minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 62 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/62-human-rights-files [name] => Human Rights Files [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 63 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/63-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 64 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/64-social-charter-monographs [name] => Social Charter Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 65 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/65-gender-equality [name] => Gender equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 66 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/66-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 376 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/376-commissioner-for-human-rights [name] => Commissioner for Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 67 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/67-european-commission-of-human-rights [name] => European Commission of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 68 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/68-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 71 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/71-international-law [name] => International Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 75 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/75-constitutional-law [name] => Constitutional Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 77 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/77-legal-instruments [name] => Legal instruments [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 76 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/76-penal-law-and-criminology [name] => Penal Law and criminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 79 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/79-computers-and-law [name] => Computers and law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 74 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/74-economy-and-crime-fight-against-corruption [name] => Economy and crime, fight against corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 72 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/72-terrorism-and-law [name] => Terrorism and Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 69 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/69-points-of-view-points-of-law [name] => Points of view - Points of Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 70 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/70-europeans-and-their-rights [name] => Europeans and their rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 73 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/73-migrants-rights [name] => Migrants rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 78 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/78-themis-programme [name] => Themis Programme [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 80 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/80-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 81 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/81-health-and-society-ethics [name] => Health and society, Ethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 82 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/82-blood-transfusion-and-organ-transplantation [name] => Blood transfusion and organ transplantation [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 83 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/83-health-protection-of-the-consumer [name] => Health protection of the consumer [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 84 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/84-integration-of-people-with-disabilities [name] => Integration of people with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 85 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/85-european-directorate-for-the-quality-of-medicines-and-healthcare-edqm [name] => European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (EDQM) [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 86 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/86-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 87 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/87-demography [name] => Demography [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 88 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/88-trends-in-social-cohesion-series [name] => Trends in Social Cohesion Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 89 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/89-responses-to-violence-in-everyday-life-in-a-democratic-society-series [name] => Responses to violence in everyday life in a democratic society Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 90 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/90-drugs-and-addiction [name] => Drugs and addiction [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 91 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/91-social-security [name] => Social Security [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 92 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/92-community-relations [name] => Community relations [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 93 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/93-social-co-operation-in-europe [name] => Social co-operation in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 94 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/94-population-studies-series [name] => Population Studies Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 95 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/95-environment [name] => Environment [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 96 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/96-nature-and-environment-series [name] => Nature and environment Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 97 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/97-environmental-encounters-series [name] => Environmental Encounters Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 98 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/98-territory-and-landscape-series [name] => Territory and Landscape Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 99 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/99-european-regional-planning-series [name] => European Regional Planning Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 100 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/100-environment-general-publications [name] => Environment / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 101 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/101-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 102 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/102-co-operation-for-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Co-operation for Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 103 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/103-local-and-regional-authorities-in-europe-series [name] => Local and Regional Authorities in Europe Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 104 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/104-structure-and-operation-of-local-and-regional-democracy-series [name] => Structure and operation of Local and Regional Democracy Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 105 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/105-education [name] => Education [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 406 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/406-education-policy [name] => Education policy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 108 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/108-human-rights-democratic-citizenship-and-interculturalism [name] => Human rights, democratic citizenship and interculturalism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 112 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/112-higher-education-and-research [name] => Higher education and research [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 110 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/110-secondary-education [name] => Secondary education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 107 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/107-history-teaching [name] => History teaching [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 106 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/106-pestalozzi-series [name] => Pestalozzi series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 113 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/113-languages [name] => Languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 114 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/114-education-and-modern-languages [name] => Education and modern languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 115 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/115-language-policy [name] => Language policy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 116 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/116-regional-and-minority-languages [name] => Regional and minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 117 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/117-terminology [name] => Terminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 118 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/118-youth [name] => Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 119 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/119-training-kits-youth [name] => Training Kits / Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 120 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/120-national-youth-policies [name] => National Youth Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 121 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/121-youth-other-publications [name] => Youth / Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 396 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/396-perspectives-on-youth [name] => Perspectives on youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 122 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/122-culture [name] => Culture [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 123 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/123-cultural-development [name] => Cultural development [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 124 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/124-cultural-heritage [name] => Cultural heritage [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 125 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/125-cultural-policies [name] => Cultural Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 126 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/126-culture-and-neighbourhoods [name] => Culture and neighbourhoods [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 127 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/127-sport [name] => Sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 128 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/128-sports-monographs [name] => Sports - Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 129 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/129-communication [name] => Communication [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 130 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/130-mass-media [name] => Mass media [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 131 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/131-european-audiovisual-observatory [name] => European Audiovisual Observatory [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 132 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/132-new-information-technologies [name] => New information technologies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 412 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/412-artificial-intelligence [name] => Artificial intelligence [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 133 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/133-european-issues [name] => European issues [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 134 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/134-activities-annual-report [name] => Activities Annual Report [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 135 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/135-democracy-debates [name] => Democracy Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 136 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/136-european-debates [name] => European debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 137 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/137-books-on-europe [name] => Books on Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 138 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/138-other-fields [name] => Other fields [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 373 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/373-catalogues-of-publications [name] => Catalogues of publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 7 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/7-online-resources [name] => Online resources [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 378 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/378-the-council-of-europe-in-brief [name] => The Council of Europe in brief [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 170 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/170-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 187 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/187-children-s-rights [name] => Children's rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 172 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/172-european-convention-on-human-rights [name] => European Convention on Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 191 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/191-violence-against-women-and-domestic-violence [name] => Violence against women and domestic violence [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 176 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/176-death-penalty [name] => Death penalty [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 192 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/192-trafficking-in-human-beings [name] => Trafficking in human beings [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 177 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/177-prevention-of-torture [name] => Prevention of torture [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 178 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/178-racism [name] => Racism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 179 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/179-democracy [name] => Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 180 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/180-democracy-through-law [name] => Democracy Through Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 181 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/181-forum-for-the-future-of-democracy [name] => Forum for the Future of Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 182 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/182-civil-society [name] => Civil society [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 186 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/186-human-dignity [name] => Human dignity [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 193 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/193-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 194 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/194-living-together-diversity-and-freedom-in-europe [name] => Living Together - Diversity and Freedom in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 195 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/195-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 205 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/205-drugs [name] => Drugs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 196 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/196-migration [name] => Migration [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 190 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/190-gender-equality [name] => Gender Equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 197 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/197-council-of-europe-development-bank [name] => Council of Europe Development Bank [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 222 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/222-lgbt [name] => LGBT [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 223 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/223-people-with-disabilities [name] => People with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 198 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/198-internet-media [name] => Internet, Media [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 199 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/199-internet [name] => Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 200 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/200-children-and-the-internet [name] => Children and the Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 201 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/201-media-freedom [name] => Media freedom [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 202 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/202-cybercrime [name] => Cybercrime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 203 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/203-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 204 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/204-bioethics [name] => Bioethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 206 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/206-pharmaceutical-and-healthcare-europe [name] => Pharmaceutical and healthcare Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 207 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/207-health-protection [name] => Health protection [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 208 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/208-culture-heritage-nature [name] => Culture, Heritage, Nature [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 210 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/210-european-cultural-convention [name] => European Cultural Convention [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 211 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/211-intercultural-and-interreligious-dialogue [name] => Intercultural and interreligious dialogue [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 212 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/212-biological-diversity-bern-convention [name] => Biological diversity - Bern Convention [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 214 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/214-climate-change [name] => Climate change [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 215 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/215-council-of-europe-and-the-eu [name] => Council of Europe and the EU [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 216 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/216-council-of-europe-and-european-union-different-roles-shared-values [name] => Council of Europe and European Union : different roles, shared values [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 217 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/217-eu-accession-to-the-european-convention-on-human-rights [name] => EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 218 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/218-minorities-rights [name] => Minorities' Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 219 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/219-national-minorities [name] => National minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 220 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/220-minority-languages [name] => Minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 221 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/221-roma-and-travellers [name] => Roma and Travellers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 224 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/224-education-languages-sport-youth [name] => Education, languages, sport, youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 226 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/226-teaching-history [name] => Teaching History [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 233 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/233-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 234 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/234-organised-crime [name] => Organised crime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 235 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/235-corruption [name] => Corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 237 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/237-personal-data [name] => Personal data [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 175 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/175-european-prison-reform [name] => European prison reform [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 238 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/238-terrorism [name] => Terrorism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 239 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/239-efficiency-of-justice [name] => Efficiency of justice [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 240 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/240-institutions [name] => Institutions [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 242 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/242-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 243 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/243-congress-of-local-and-regional-authorities [name] => Congress of Local and Regional Authorities  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 244 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/244-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 246 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/246-conference-of-ingos [name] => Conference of INGOs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 247 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/247-secretary-general [name] => Secretary General [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1

Catalog

Newsletter

Literacy and second language learning for the linguistic integration of adult migrants (2022)

Education and modern languages
Format : Paper PDF
978-92-871-9189-1
Type of document :
Book
Format :
Paper
Language :
English
Size :
A4
Number of pages :
150
56.00 € / 112.00 $US
Language skills foster, among other things, social inclusion, access to education and employment. Within this context, non-literate or low-literate migrants have specific educational needs.

This reference guide is meant for language educators, curriculum designers and language policy makers in their endeavour to design, implement, evaluate and improve curricula tailored toward the specific needs of non- and low-literate adult migrants. This group of migrants faces the complex and demanding task of learning a language while either learning to read and write for the first time or developing their literacy skills. They rarely receive adequate instruction in terms of hours of tuition and targeted teaching approaches, whereas they are very often requested to take a compulsory written test.

The reference guide contains: a definition of target users and learners; the rationale related to the development of the descriptors; principles for teaching literacy and second languages; scales and tables of descriptors; aspects of curriculum design at the macro, meso and micro levels and recommendations on assessment procedures and tools within the learning environment.

The guide also contains descriptors that build on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) and the CEFR Companion volume up to the A1 level for adult migrants, with special attention given to literacy learners.
PREFACE WITH ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 
FOREWORD 
INTRODUCTION 
LASLLIAM WITHIN THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE POLICIES 
LASLLIAM GENERAL PURPOSE 
CHAPTER 1 – THE LASLLIAM REFERENCE GUIDE: AIMS, USERS AND LEARNERS 
1.1. LASLLIAM LINKS TO THE CEFR AND THE CEFR COMPANION VOLUME 
1.2. THE USERS 
1.3. AN ENCOMPASSING VIEW OF LITERACY 
1.4. THE LEARNERS 
1.4.1. LEARNERS’ LITERACY BACKGROUND 
1.4.2. ORAL COMPETENCE AND PLURILINGUALISM 
1.4.3. LEARNERS’ PROFILES 
CHAPTER 2 – THE LASLLIAM REFERENCE GUIDE: SOURCES AND RATIONALE 
2.1. RESEARCH ON NON-LITERATE AND LOW-LITERATE ADULT LEARNERS 
2.1.1. METALINGUISTIC AWARENESS 
2.1.2. PROCESSING OF (LINGUISTIC) INFORMATION 
2.1.3. SITUATED COGNITION 
2.1.4. ORACY AND LITERACY 
2.1.5. IMPLICATIONS FOR LASLLIAM 
2.2. DEVELOPMENT OF THE SCALES 
2.2.1. TECHNICAL LITERACY: LEARNING THE WRITTEN CODE 
2.2.2. COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES IN READING AND WRITING 
2.2.3. COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES IN LISTENING AND SPEAKING 
2.2.4. LANGUAGE USE STRATEGIES 
2.2.5. DIGITAL SKILLS 
CHAPTER 3 – TEACHING LITERACY IN A SECOND LANGUAGE 
3.1. AN ACTION-ORIENTED APPROACH TO LITERACY IN A SECOND LANGUAGE AND BACKWARD PLANNING 
3.2. ORIENTATION ON THE CODE: BUILDING TECHNICAL LITERACY SKILLS 
3.2.1. A FOCUS ON SYLLABLES 
3.2.2. A FOCUS ON SOUNDS AND LETTERS 
3.2.3. A FOCUS ON (SIGHT) WORDS 
3.2.4. A FOCUS ON MORPHEMES 
3.2.5. IMPORTANT GENERAL PRINCIPLES 
3.3. ORIENTATION ON THE LEARNER: FOSTERING LITERACY AS A SOCIAL PRACTICE 
3.3.1. PARTICIPATING IN LITERACY EVENTS
3.3.2. EXPERIENCING AUTHORSHIP 
3.3.3. USING LITERACY FOR LEARNING AND EMANCIPATION 
3.4. LEARNING STRATEGIES AND AUTONOMY 
3.5. CONTRASTIVE AND PLURILINGUAL LEARNING 
3.6. THE POWERFUL EXPERIENCE OF SUCCESS 
3.7. BALANCING THE VARIOUS PRINCIPLES IN LITERACY AND SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING 
CHAPTER 4 – LASLLIAM SCALES AND TABLES 
4.1. TECHNICAL LITERACY 
4.1.1. LANGUAGE AND PRINT AWARENESS 
4.1.2. READING 
4.1.3. WRITING 
4.2. COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES AND LANGUAGE USE STRATEGIES 
4.2.1. RECEPTION ACTIVITIES 
4.2.2. RECEPTION STRATEGIES 
4.2.3. PRODUCTION ACTIVITIES 
4.2.4. PRODUCTION STRATEGIES 
4.2.5. INTERACTION ACTIVITIES 
4.2.6. INTERACTION STRATEGIES 
4.3. DIGITAL SKILLS 
4.3.1. TECHNICAL SKILLS 
4.3.2. COMMUNICATION AND COLLABORATION 
4.3.3. CONTENT CREATION AND MANAGEMENT 
4.3.4. SAFETY 
CHAPTER 5 – USING LASLLIAM FOR CURRICULUM DESIGN 
5.1. LASLLIAM AS A REFERENCE GUIDE ON THE SUPRA LEVEL OF CURRICULUM DESIGN 
5.2. USING LASLLIAM FOR CURRICULUM DESIGN AT THE MACRO LEVEL 
5.3. USING LASLLIAM FOR CURRICULUM DESIGN AT THE MESO LEVEL 
5.4. USING LASLLIAM AT THE MICRO LEVEL 
CHAPTER 6 – ASSESSMENT WITHIN THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT 
6.1. APPROACHES TO BE ADOPTED 
6.1.1. CONTINUUM CRITERION-REFERENCING 
6.1.2. LEARNING ORIENTED ASSESSMENT 
6.1.3. PROFILING APPROACH 
6.1.4. PREVENTING MISUSE 
6.2. THE DIFFERENT PURPOSES OF ASSESSMENT USING LASLLIAM 
6.2.1. ASSESSMENT WITHIN THE “WELCOME PHASE” 
6.2.2. ACHIEVEMENT ASSESSMENT DURING THE COURSE 
6.2.3. ACHIEVEMENT ASSESSMENT AT THE END OF THE COURSE 
6.2.4. PROFILING THE ACHIEVED LEARNING GOALS 
6.3. LASLLIAM AS A RESOURCE TO CONNECT LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS ACROSS EUROPE 
6.4. LASLLIAM AS A RESOURCE TO DEVELOP ASSESSMENT TOOLS
CHAPTER 7 – LASLLIAM RESEARCH PLAN 
7.1. THE DEVELOPMENT PHASE AND THE CONSULTATION PHASE 
7.2. THE VALIDATION PHASE 
7.2.1. QUALITATIVE VALIDATION 
7.2.2. QUANTITATIVE VALIDATION 
7.3. OUTLOOK ON THE PILOTING PHASE 
REFERENCES 
GLOSSARY 
APPENDIX 1 – RESOURCES FOR TEACHING LITERACY AND SECOND LANGUAGE (SELECTED LANGUAGES) 
APPENDIX 2 – EXAMPLE OF A LASLLIAM SCENARIO 
APPENDIX 3 – LASLLIAM CHECKLIST FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT