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Catalog

Newsletter

PDF - Handbook on European law relating to the rights of the child (2022 Edition) (2024)

European Court of Human Rights
978-92-871-9750-4
Type of document :
Handbook
Format :
PDF
Language :
English
Size :
3.37 MB
Number of pages :
301
Free

Raise awareness and improve the knowledge of the legal standards that protect and promote children’s rights in Europe are the aims of this reference handbook.

Children are full-fledged holders of rights. They are beneficiaries of all human and fundamental rights and subjects of special regulations, given their specific characteristics. This handbook aims to illustrate how European law and case law accommodate the specific interests and needs of children. It also considers the importance of parents and guardians or other legal representatives and makes reference, where appropriate, to situations in which rights and responsibilities are most prominently vested in children’s carers.

This handbook aims to raise awareness and improve knowledge of the legal standards that protect and promote children’s rights in Europe. It is a point of reference on both European Union (EU) and Council of Europe (CoE) law related to these subjects, explaining how each issue is regulated under EU law, including the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, as well as under the European Convention on Human Rights, the European Social Charter and other CoE instruments.

The handbook is designed for non-specialist legal professionals, judges, public prosecutors, child protection authorities, and other practitioners and organisations responsible for ensuring the legal protection of the rights of the child. It explains key jurisprudence, summarising major rulings of both the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.

To order the handbook (paper version) or any other FRA publication, write to: i[email protected]

other languages

FOREWORD
ABBREVIATIONS
HOW TO USE THIS HANDBOOK
1 INTRODUCTION TO EUROPEAN LAW RELATING TO THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD: CONTEXT AND KEY PRINCIPLES
1.1. Core concepts
Key points
1.1.1. Scope of European law relating to the rights of the child
1.1.2. The child as a holder of rights
1.2. Background to the rights of the child in Europe
Key points
1.2.1. European Union: development of the rights of the child and the scope of protection
1.2.2. Council of Europe: development of the rights of the child and the scope of protection
1.3. European law relating to the rights of the child and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
Key point
1.4. Role of the European courts in interpreting and enforcing children’s rights
Key points
1.4.1. Court of Justice of the European Union
1.4.2. European Court of Human Rights
1.5. European Committee of Social Rights
Key point
2 CIVIL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS
2.1. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
Key point
2.2. Parents’ rights and the freedom of religion of their children
Key points
2.3. Freedom of expression and information
Key point
2.4. Right to be heard
Key points
2.5. Right to freedom of assembly and association
Key points
3 EQUALITY AND NON-DISCRIMINATION
3.1. European non-discrimination law
Key points
3.2. Non-discrimination based on race or ethnic origin
Key points
3.3. Non-discrimination based on nationality or immigration status
Key points
3.4. Non-discrimination based on disability
Key points
3.5. Non-discrimination based on other protected grounds
Key points
4 PERSONAL IDENTITY ISSUES
4.1. Birth registration and the right to a name
Key point
4.2. Right to know one’s origins
Key points
4.2.1. Establishing paternity
4.2.2. Establishing one’s origins: adoption
4.3. Citizenship
Key points
5 FAMILY LIFE
5.1. Right to respect for family life
Key points
5.2. Right of the child to be cared for by his/her parents
Key points
5.3. Right to maintain contact
Key points
5.4. Improper removal of children across borders — child abduction
Key points
6 ALTERNATIVE CARE TO FAMILY CARE AND ADOPTION
6.1. Alternative care: general principles
Key points
6.2. Placing children in alternative care
Key points
6.3. Adoption
Key points
7 CHILD PROTECTION AGAINST VIOLENCE AND EXPLOITATION
7.1. Violence at home, in schools, online or in other settings
Key points
7.1.1. Scope of state responsibility
7.1.2. Abuse in school
7.1.3. Sexual abuse
7.1.4. Domestic violence and child neglect
7.2. Child exploitation
Key point
7.2.1. Forced labour
7.2.2. Child trafficking
7.2.3. Sexual exploitation
7.3. High-risk groups
Key point
7.4. Missing children
Key point
8 ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS AND ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING
8.1. Approaches to economic, social and cultural rights
Key points
8.2. Right to education
Key points
8.2.1. Right to education of migrant children
8.3. Right to health
Key points
8.4. Right to housing
Key points
8.5. Right to an adequate standard of living and right to social security
Key points
9 MIGRATION AND ASYLUM
9.1. Entry and residence
Key points
9.2. Age assessment
Key points
9.3. Family reunification for separated children
Key points
9.4. Detention
Key points
9.5. Expulsion
Key points
9.6. Access to justice
Key point
10 PERSONAL DATA AND CONSUMER PROTECTION
10.1. Children and personal data protection
Key points
10.1.1. European data protection law
10.2. Protection of children as consumers
Key points
10.2.1. Consumer rights
10.2.2. Unfair commercial practices targeting children
10.2.3. Product safety
10.2.4. Clinical trials involving children
10.2.5. Food intended for infants and young children
10.2.6. Toy safety
10.2.7. Children and advertising
11 CHILDREN’S RIGHTS WITHIN CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND ALTERNATIVE (NON-JUDICIAL) PROCEEDINGS
11.1. Fair trial guarantees
Key points
11.1.1. Effective participation
11.1.2. Access to a lawyer
11.2. Rights of young offenders in relation to detention
Key points
11.2.1. Forms of detention (substantive and procedural
guarantees)
11.2.2. Conditions of detention
11.2.3. Protection against abuse and ill-treatment
11.3. Protection of child victims and witnesses
Key point
FURTHER READING
CASE LAW
HOW TO FIND CASE LAW OF THE EUROPEAN COURTS
LEGAL INSTRUMENTS REFERENCED
United Nations legal instruments
Council of Europe legal instruments
EU legal instruments