Array ( [id] => 2 [link] => [name] => [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 6 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/6-online-bookshop [name] => Online Bookshop [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 40 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/40-committee-of-ministers [name] => Committee of Ministers [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 41 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/41-texts-of-council-of-europe-treaties [name] => Texts of Council of Europe Treaties [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 43 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/43-council-of-europe-treaties-and-explanatory-reports [name] => Council of Europe Treaties and explanatory reports [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 44 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/44-collected-edition-of-the-council-of-europe-treaties-series [name] => Collected edition of the Council of Europe Treaties Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 45 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/45-committee-of-ministers-compendium-of-adopted-texts [name] => Committee of Ministers - Compendium of adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 42 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/42-committee-of-ministers-other-publications [name] => Committee of Ministers - Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 46 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/46-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 47 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/47-parliamentary-assembly-adopted-texts [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Adopted texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 48 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/48-parliamentary-assembly-orders-of-the-day-minutes [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Orders of the Day, Minutes [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 49 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/49-parliamentary-assembly-official-reports-of-debates [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Official Reports of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 50 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/50-parliamentary-assembly-documents-working-papers [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / Documents, Working Papers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 51 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/51-parliamentary-assembly-general-publications [name] => Parliamentary Assembly / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 52 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/52-congress [name] => Congress [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 53 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/53-congress-local-and-regional-action-series [name] => Congress / Local and Regional Action Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 54 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/54-congress-studies-and-texts-series [name] => Congress/ Studies and Texts Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 55 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/55-congress-adopted-texts [name] => Congress / Adopted Texts [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 56 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/56-congress-official-report-of-debates [name] => Congress / Official Report of Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 57 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/57-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 58 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/58-human-rights-and-democracy [name] => Human Rights and Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 59 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/59-children-s-rights-and-family-law [name] => Children's rights and family law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 60 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/60-making-democratic-institutions-work [name] => Making democratic institutions work [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 61 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/61-minorities [name] => Minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 62 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/62-human-rights-files [name] => Human Rights Files [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 63 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/63-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 64 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/64-social-charter-monographs [name] => Social Charter Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 65 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/65-gender-equality [name] => Gender equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 66 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/66-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 376 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/376-commissioner-for-human-rights [name] => Commissioner for Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 67 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/67-european-commission-of-human-rights [name] => European Commission of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 68 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/68-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 71 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/71-international-law [name] => International Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 75 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/75-constitutional-law [name] => Constitutional Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 77 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/77-legal-instruments [name] => Legal instruments [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 76 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/76-penal-law-and-criminology [name] => Penal Law and criminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 79 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/79-computers-and-law [name] => Computers and law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 74 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/74-economy-and-crime-fight-against-corruption [name] => Economy and crime, fight against corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 72 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/72-terrorism-and-law [name] => Terrorism and Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 69 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/69-points-of-view-points-of-law [name] => Points of view - Points of Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 70 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/70-europeans-and-their-rights [name] => Europeans and their rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 73 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/73-migrants-rights [name] => Migrants rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 78 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/78-themis-programme [name] => Themis Programme [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 80 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/80-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 81 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/81-health-and-society-ethics [name] => Health and society, Ethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 82 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/82-blood-transfusion-and-organ-transplantation [name] => Blood transfusion and organ transplantation [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 83 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/83-health-protection-of-the-consumer [name] => Health protection of the consumer [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 84 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/84-integration-of-people-with-disabilities [name] => Integration of people with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 85 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/85-european-directorate-for-the-quality-of-medicines-and-healthcare-edqm [name] => European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines and HealthCare (EDQM) [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 86 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/86-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 87 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/87-demography [name] => Demography [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 88 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/88-trends-in-social-cohesion-series [name] => Trends in Social Cohesion Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 89 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/89-responses-to-violence-in-everyday-life-in-a-democratic-society-series [name] => Responses to violence in everyday life in a democratic society Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 90 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/90-drugs-and-addiction [name] => Drugs and addiction [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 91 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/91-social-security [name] => Social Security [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 92 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/92-community-relations [name] => Community relations [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 93 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/93-social-co-operation-in-europe [name] => Social co-operation in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 94 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/94-population-studies-series [name] => Population Studies Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 95 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/95-environment [name] => Environment [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 96 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/96-nature-and-environment-series [name] => Nature and environment Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 97 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/97-environmental-encounters-series [name] => Environmental Encounters Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 98 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/98-territory-and-landscape-series [name] => Territory and Landscape Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 99 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/99-european-regional-planning-series [name] => European Regional Planning Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 100 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/100-environment-general-publications [name] => Environment / General publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 101 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/101-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 102 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/102-co-operation-for-local-and-regional-democracy [name] => Co-operation for Local and Regional Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 103 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/103-local-and-regional-authorities-in-europe-series [name] => Local and Regional Authorities in Europe Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 104 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/104-structure-and-operation-of-local-and-regional-democracy-series [name] => Structure and operation of Local and Regional Democracy Series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 105 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/105-education [name] => Education [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 406 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/406-education-policy [name] => Education policy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 108 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/108-human-rights-democratic-citizenship-and-interculturalism [name] => Human rights, democratic citizenship and interculturalism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 112 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/112-higher-education-and-research [name] => Higher education and research [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 110 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/110-secondary-education [name] => Secondary education [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 107 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/107-history-teaching [name] => History teaching [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 106 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/106-pestalozzi-series [name] => Pestalozzi series [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 113 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/113-languages [name] => Languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 114 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/114-education-and-modern-languages [name] => Education and modern languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 115 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/115-language-policy [name] => Language policy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 116 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/116-regional-and-minority-languages [name] => Regional and minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 117 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/117-terminology [name] => Terminology [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 118 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/118-youth [name] => Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 119 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/119-training-kits-youth [name] => Training Kits / Youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 120 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/120-national-youth-policies [name] => National Youth Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 121 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/121-youth-other-publications [name] => Youth / Other publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 396 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/396-perspectives-on-youth [name] => Perspectives on youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 122 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/122-culture [name] => Culture [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 123 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/123-cultural-development [name] => Cultural development [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 124 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/124-cultural-heritage [name] => Cultural heritage [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 125 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/125-cultural-policies [name] => Cultural Policies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 126 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/126-culture-and-neighbourhoods [name] => Culture and neighbourhoods [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [13] => Array ( [id] => 127 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/127-sport [name] => Sport [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 128 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/128-sports-monographs [name] => Sports - Monographs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [14] => Array ( [id] => 129 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/129-communication [name] => Communication [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 130 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/130-mass-media [name] => Mass media [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 131 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/131-european-audiovisual-observatory [name] => European Audiovisual Observatory [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 132 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/132-new-information-technologies [name] => New information technologies [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 412 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/412-artificial-intelligence [name] => Artificial intelligence [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [15] => Array ( [id] => 133 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/133-european-issues [name] => European issues [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 134 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/134-activities-annual-report [name] => Activities Annual Report [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 135 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/135-democracy-debates [name] => Democracy Debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 136 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/136-european-debates [name] => European debates [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 137 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/137-books-on-europe [name] => Books on Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 138 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/138-other-fields [name] => Other fields [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 373 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/373-catalogues-of-publications [name] => Catalogues of publications [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 7 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/7-online-resources [name] => Online resources [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 378 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/378-the-council-of-europe-in-brief [name] => The Council of Europe in brief [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 170 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/170-human-rights [name] => Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 187 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/187-children-s-rights [name] => Children's rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 172 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/172-european-convention-on-human-rights [name] => European Convention on Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 191 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/191-violence-against-women-and-domestic-violence [name] => Violence against women and domestic violence [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 176 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/176-death-penalty [name] => Death penalty [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 192 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/192-trafficking-in-human-beings [name] => Trafficking in human beings [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 177 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/177-prevention-of-torture [name] => Prevention of torture [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 178 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/178-racism [name] => Racism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 179 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/179-democracy [name] => Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 180 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/180-democracy-through-law [name] => Democracy Through Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 181 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/181-forum-for-the-future-of-democracy [name] => Forum for the Future of Democracy [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 182 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/182-civil-society [name] => Civil society [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 186 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/186-human-dignity [name] => Human dignity [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 193 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/193-society [name] => Society [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 194 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/194-living-together-diversity-and-freedom-in-europe [name] => Living Together - Diversity and Freedom in Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 195 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/195-european-social-charter [name] => European Social Charter [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 205 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/205-drugs [name] => Drugs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 196 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/196-migration [name] => Migration [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 190 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/190-gender-equality [name] => Gender Equality [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 197 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/197-council-of-europe-development-bank [name] => Council of Europe Development Bank [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 222 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/222-lgbt [name] => LGBT [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 223 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/223-people-with-disabilities [name] => People with disabilities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 198 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/198-internet-media [name] => Internet, Media [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 199 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/199-internet [name] => Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 200 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/200-children-and-the-internet [name] => Children and the Internet [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 201 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/201-media-freedom [name] => Media freedom [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 202 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/202-cybercrime [name] => Cybercrime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [6] => Array ( [id] => 203 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/203-health [name] => Health [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 204 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/204-bioethics [name] => Bioethics [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 206 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/206-pharmaceutical-and-healthcare-europe [name] => Pharmaceutical and healthcare Europe [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 207 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/207-health-protection [name] => Health protection [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [7] => Array ( [id] => 208 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/208-culture-heritage-nature [name] => Culture, Heritage, Nature [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 210 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/210-european-cultural-convention [name] => European Cultural Convention [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 211 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/211-intercultural-and-interreligious-dialogue [name] => Intercultural and interreligious dialogue [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 212 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/212-biological-diversity-bern-convention [name] => Biological diversity - Bern Convention [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 214 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/214-climate-change [name] => Climate change [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [8] => Array ( [id] => 215 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/215-council-of-europe-and-the-eu [name] => Council of Europe and the EU [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 216 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/216-council-of-europe-and-european-union-different-roles-shared-values [name] => Council of Europe and European Union : different roles, shared values [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 217 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/217-eu-accession-to-the-european-convention-on-human-rights [name] => EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [9] => Array ( [id] => 218 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/218-minorities-rights [name] => Minorities' Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 219 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/219-national-minorities [name] => National minorities [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 220 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/220-minority-languages [name] => Minority languages [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 221 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/221-roma-and-travellers [name] => Roma and Travellers [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [10] => Array ( [id] => 224 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/224-education-languages-sport-youth [name] => Education, languages, sport, youth [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 226 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/226-teaching-history [name] => Teaching History [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [11] => Array ( [id] => 233 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/233-law [name] => Law [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 234 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/234-organised-crime [name] => Organised crime [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 235 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/235-corruption [name] => Corruption [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 237 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/237-personal-data [name] => Personal data [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 175 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/175-european-prison-reform [name] => European prison reform [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 238 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/238-terrorism [name] => Terrorism [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [5] => Array ( [id] => 239 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/239-efficiency-of-justice [name] => Efficiency of justice [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [12] => Array ( [id] => 240 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/240-institutions [name] => Institutions [desc] => [children] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [id] => 242 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/242-parliamentary-assembly [name] => Parliamentary Assembly  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [1] => Array ( [id] => 243 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/243-congress-of-local-and-regional-authorities [name] => Congress of Local and Regional Authorities  [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [2] => Array ( [id] => 244 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/244-european-court-of-human-rights [name] => European Court of Human Rights [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [3] => Array ( [id] => 246 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/246-conference-of-ingos [name] => Conference of INGOs [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) [4] => Array ( [id] => 247 [link] => https://book.coe.int/en/247-secretary-general [name] => Secretary General [desc] => [children] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1

Catalog

Newsletter

PDF - Descriptors of competences for democratic culture for young learners (2021)

Human rights, democratic citizenship and interculturalism
Format : PDF
978-92-871-9114-4
Type of document :
Book
Format :
PDF
Language :
English
Size :
1.28 MB
Number of pages :
47
12.00 € / 24.00 $US
A tool to design, implement and evaluate the effective curricula and learning activities for young learners

One of the major strengths of the Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture (RFCDC) is the fact that, for each of the 20 elements of the model of competences that represents the core of the RFCDC, a set of validated descriptors of competence is provided. The descriptors of competence included in the second volume of the RFCDC were validated for learners over 10 years of age.

This publication complements the initial content of the Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture by proposing a set of 166 descriptors validated for younger learners, under 10. Unlike the initial set of validated descriptors included in the second volume of the RFCDC, these descriptors for younger learners are not scaled by levels of proficiency but indications are provided about the relevance of these descriptors at different age levels, based on tests done with the support of over 300 teachers from nine European countries.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 
INTRODUCTION 
A SEPARATE SET OF DESCRIPTORS FOR YOUNGER CHILDREN 
Validated descriptors of competences for democratic culture for younger children 
Comparing the two sets of descriptors 
ANALYSIS OF THE VALIDATED DESCRIPTORS FOR YOUNGER LEARNERS 
Values 
Attitudes 
Skills 
Knowledge and critical understanding 
USE AND MISUSE OF THE DESCRIPTORS OF COMPETENCES FOR DEMOCRATIC CULTURE FOR YOUNGER CHILDREN 
APPENDIX – THE PROCESS LEADING TO THE SET OF DESCRIPTORS FOR YOUNGER LEARNERS