The European ministerial conference on human rights, meeting in Rome on the 50th anniversary of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, emphasised two crucial elements:- the responsibility of member states, Parties to the Convention, to ensure constantly that their law and practice conform to the Convention and to execute the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights;- that urgent measures be taken to assist the Court in carrying out its functions, given the ever increasing number of applications. An in-depth reflection should be started as soon as possible on the various possibilities and options with a view to ensuring the effectiveness of the Court in the light of this new situation.The Rome conference has sparked intensive work. Ever since January 2001, the intergovernmental co-operation activities of the Steering Committee for Human Rights (CDDH) of the Council of Europe have concentrated on developing normative instruments, of which the most important has been Protocol No. 14 to the Convention. This work has benefited greatly from high-level debates during a series of round-table discussions, within working groups and at seminars organised mainly by the successive presidencies of the Committee of Ministers.The present volume contains a record of this work.