The Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (CETS No. 210) is the first legally binding instrument to address violence against women and domestic violence in Europe. It contains a wide range of obligations aiming to prevent violence, protect its victims, prosecute the perpetrators, implement co-ordinated policies and promote international co-operation. It also envisages a monitoring mechanism. The convention recognises violence against women as a violation of human rights and is a major step forward in achieving gender equality in law and in fact.