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Catalogue

PDF - Toolkit on combating hate speech during electoral processes (2022)

Droits de l'homme et démocratie
978-92-871-9311-7
Type de document :
Livre
Format :
PDF
Langue :
Anglais
Dimensions :
1.48 MB
Nombre de pages :
92
Council of Europe
23,00 € / 46.00 $US
Tools to counter hate speech that undermines free electoral competition

“Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.” (Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights)

Freedom of expression is enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights and protects citizens from interference with their right to freely express their opinions. This freedom is essential when it comes to the electoral process which, like any competition, has a strict framework of rules. Freedom of expression must not give rise to hate speech that would undermine the electoral process by polluting the campaign and political debate necessary for voters to make an informed choice.

This toolkit is intended to explain the international standards applicable in this respect, provide tools and strategies that can be used by election management bodies to counter hate speech harmful to free electoral competition and describe the Georgian experience in this area.
FOREWORD 
PREFACE 
CHAPTER 1 – HATE SPEECH AND ELECTORAL CAMPAIGNS 
CHAPTER 2 – HATE SPEECH AND ELECTION MANAGEMENT BODIES 
CHAPTER 3 – EXPERIENCE OF GEORGIA: HATE SPEECH DURING ELECTORAL PROCESSES 
APPENDIX – TRAINING MODULE 
FIGURES
Figure 1: Systematic approach to counter hate speech 
Figure 2: Core engine of hate speech 
Figure 3: Hate speech pyramid 
Figure 4: Definition of hate crime 
Figure 5: Hate crimes reported to the police: bias motivation 
Figure 6: Hate crimes – By type of crime 
Figure 7: 2020 Presidential Elections – Hate speech on Twitter – monitoring results 
Figure 8: Hate speech in social media against women during Georgian 2020 elections 
TABLES
Table 1: Biased attitudes and acts of bias 
Table 2: Hate crime legislation in Germany 
Table 3: Hate crime cases recorded by Georgian police 
Table 4: Threshold test for hate crimes 
Table 5: European Convention on Human Rights: Freedom of expression 
Table 6: Hate speech incidents against EMBs – Examples 
Table 7: Risk assessment – Hate speech against EMBs 
Table 8: Elements of a Code of Conduct for EMBs 
Table 9: Training of EMBs on hate speech 
Table 10: Analysis of hate speech risks in electoral campaigns 
Table 11: ECRI General Policy Recommendation No. 15 on Combating Hate Speech: monitoring hate speech 
Table 12: How to recognise hate speech directed against women during election campaigns 
Table 13: ECRI General Policy Recommendation No. 15 on Combating Hate Speech: effective action against hate speech 
Table 14: ECRI General Policy Recommendation No. 15 on Combating Hate Speech: civic education 
Table 15: ECRI General Policy Recommendation No. 15 on Combating Hate Speech: Codes of Conduct and penalties 
Table 16: ECRI General Policy Recommendation No. 15 on Combating Hate Speech: regulation of media