PDF - The right of people with disabilities to live independently and be included in the community (2012)
Recognising the right to live in the community is about enabling people to live their lives to their fullest within society and access the public sphere. A precondition for anyone to enjoy all their human rights, this right is taken for granted by the majority of the population, but is often denied to persons with disabilities, who are instead placed in segregated institutions or in settings which isolate them from the rest of the community.
This Issue Paper describes the challenges faced by Council of Europe member states in complying with this right. It traces the right of people with disabilities to live independently and be included in the community to its origins in the most fundamental human rights standards both within the Council of Europe and United Nations systems. The paper draws on Article 19 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities to identify the various forms that violations of this right can take, and provides guidance for community-based responses governed by choice, in order to achieve inclusion and participation. The paper shows the link between the right to live in the community and other rights, notably the rightto equal recognition before the law (legal capacity). The Issue Paper ends with a sample of indicators and guidance questions to assess the transition from violationto implementation of the right to live in the community. The Commissioner’s recommendations on the right to live independently and be included in the community are published at the beginning of the document.
The Commissioner’s recommendations
1. The right to live in the community: the basics
1.1. The core right
1.2. How a grasp of the right shapes the response
1.3. Articulation of the right: the UN Convention
2. International law and policy
2.1. United Nations
2.2. Council of Europe
2.3. European Union
3. Implementing the right to live in the community
3.1. What constitutes implementation – Drawing guidance from CRPD Article 19
3.2. Violations of the right to live in the community
Appendix: Indicators and guiding questions